The scientific electronic publication:
«PROFESSIONALISM OF THE TEACHER: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS»

ISSUE №3 (2016)

Recommended for publication by the decision of Academic Council SHEE “Donbas State Pedagogical University” (Protocol № 8 April, 21, 2016)

PEDAGOGICAL EXPERIMENT: FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN POSTWAR PERIOD

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UDC

37.012.7 (477) “19”

Name

Ellina Panasenko 

Name of the article PEDAGOGICAL EXPERIMENT: FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN POSTWAR PERIOD
Abstract

In the article the problem of formation and development of pedagogical experiments in Ukraine in the postwar period. The experiment is characterized as one of the leading methods of scientific and pedagogical research in Soviet epoch. The essence of concepts "experiment", "educational experiment" is clarified. The role of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences in coordinating and managing experimental activities in the field of education is found. Emphasis is made on close cooperation between the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences and Scientific Research Institute, which brought together the best scientific and teaching staff in Ukraine. It is noted that the organization of basic experimental research was an important part of Ukrainian scientists’ research activities.

In the article it is characterized the role of teacher congresses of the studied period in the developing educational thoughts, consolidating teachers, discussing important issues of experimental work in the field of education. Delegates’ speeches about the covering the problems of educational experimentation are analysed.In conclusion the author says that such important issues as the essence and specificity of pedagogical experiment; its difference from science, sociological and psychological ones; its cognitive capabilities; scope of application; methods of experiment; correlation between experiment and research developed spontaneously and sporadically..

Key words experiment; pedagogical experiment; experimental activities; historical period; the scientific and pedagogical research.
References
  1.  Бауман Н. К. К вопросу об эксперименте в научно-методическом исследовании / Н. К. Бауман // Известия АПН РСФСР. – 1952. – Вып. 43. – С. 69–90.
  2. Данилов М. А. Дидактика / М. А. Данилов, Б. П. Есипов. – М. : Изд-во АПН РСФСР, 1957. – 520 с.
  3. Енциклопедія освіти / Академія пед. наук України; голов. ред.В. Г. Кремень. – К. : Юрінком Інтер, 2008. – 1040 с.
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  6. Королев Ф. Ф. Теория и методология педагогического эксперимента : стеногр. отчет Второй сессии методол. семинара АПН / Федор Филиппович Королев. – М. : АПН, 1973. – 296 с.
  7. Педагогика / под ред. И. А. Каирова. – М. : Учпедгиз, 1956. – 436 с.
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  9. Сухомлинский В. А. Постановка эксперимента педагогическим коллективом средней школы / В. А. Сухомлинский // Сов. педагогика. – 1958. – № 5. – С. 14–27.
  10. Шаповаленко С. Г. К вопросу о предмете и методе исследования в области обучения основам наук / С. Г. Шаповаленко // Известия АПН РСФСР. – 1952. – Вып. 43. – С. 91–112.
References (Translated and Transliterated)
  1. Bauman, N.K. (1952). K voprosu ob ekcperimente v nauchno-metodicheskom issledovanii [To the question of the experiment in scientific and methodological research]. Izvestiya APN RSFSR – Proceedings of the RSFSR Academy of Pedagogical Sciences, 43, 69 – 90 [in Russian].
  2. Danilov, M. A. & Yesipov, B. P. (1957). Didaktika [Didactics]. Moscow: APN RSFSR [in Russian].
  3. Kremen, V. H. (2008).Entsyklopediya osvity[Education Encyclopaedia]. Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter [in Ukrainian].
  4. Z’izd uchyteliv Ukrainskoi RSR. 14–16 zhovtnia 1959 r. – Ukrainian SSR Teachers Congress. 14-16 October 1959yiv: Rad. shkola [in Ukrainian].
  5. Kairov, V. A. (1976). Ocherki deyatelnosti Akademii pedagogicheskih nauk RSFSR, 1943 – 1966 [Essays on the activity of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RSFSR]. Moscow: Pedagogika [in Russian].
  6. Korolyov, F. F. (1973). Teoriya i metodologiya pedagogicheskogo eksperimenta [Theory and methodology of pedagogical experiment]. Moscow: APN [in Russian].
  7. Kairov, V. A. (Eds.) (1956). Pedagogika [Pedagogics]. Moscow: Uchpedgiz [in Russian].
  8. Davydov, V. V. Rossiyskaya pedagogicheskaya entsiklopediya [Russian Pedagogical Encyclopaedia]. [in Russian].
  9. Suhomlinskiy, B. A. (1958). Postanovka eksperimenta pedagogicheskim kollektivom sredney shkoly [Arrangement of the experiment by the teaching staff of secondary school]. Sovetskaya pedagogika – Soviet pedagogy, 5, 14 – 27 [in Russian].

 

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About the journal

The scientific issue “Professionalism of the Teacher: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects” is an educational journal that is dedicated to the problems of training specialists in various fields of study, a wide range of issues of innovative developing modern education and scientific research in this line.