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Issue №5 (2017) Part 1

Recommended for publication by the decision of Academic Council SHEE “DSPU” (Protocol № 8 April, 27, 2017)


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Natalia Salan

Name of the article



The influence of computer on the formation of primary schoolchildren’s personality and their implementing into learning activity are considered in the article. Based on the materials of state standards and the Law of Ukraine on Higher Education the concepts “computer”, “information culture” are defined, modern understanding of the concept “basics of computer literacy” is identified. The main task of school propaedeutic course in Computer Studies is defined. Interactive methods of activity are singled out. They are didactic games, designing, research, collaboration in pairs, and group interaction, etc. The essential characteristics of didactic game technologies are distinguished, the peculiarities of their use at primary school in Computer Study lessons are analyzed. Positive and negative aspects of using these technologies in Computer Study lessons are defined. The expediency of using game technologies while organizing students’ educational and cognitive activity in Computer Studies is substantiated.

The idea to create a school course “Computer Studies at primary school” is caused by the wide introduction of computer technics into the educational system. Today’s schoolchild has to be able to use a computer as freely and easily as he can use a pen, a pencil or a ruler. That’s why it is advisable to start studying basics of Computer Studies at the primary school age.

This course is intended for the pupils of the 2nd-4th forms. Firstly, it provides mastering practical skills of computer work and, secondly, it anticipates the development of children’s logical and algorithmic thinking styles.

At these lessons students acquire practical skills to work with information on the computer. Having mastered the computer skills at primary school, children will be able to use it successfully in their work. In senior classes they will be able to realize acquired knowledge of the methods of work with information, ways of problem solving etc. Using a computer makes it possible to transform a lesson into an exciting game which largely inspires primary schoolchildren.

It is necessary to form primary school children’s skills of information culture, basics of computer literacy; to provide graduality in studying at primary school. It is necessary to prepare students’ thinking to their perception of modern information technologies. Psychologists say that the basic logical structures of thinking are formed at the age of 5 – 11 years. Information technologies are realized by many techniques and methods which allow to analyze and model the world around. Mastering these techniques, a person learns to think logically, analytically, creatively, systematically and multidimensionally.

Key words

computer; information culture; Computer Study lesson; game technology of learning; primary school; creative personality.

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Pages 69-76

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The scientific issue “Professionalism of the Teacher: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects” is an educational journal that is dedicated to the problems of training specialists in various fields of study, a wide range of issues of innovative developing modern education and scientific research in this line.