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Issue № 11(2019)


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Valerii Syrotenko, Anastasiia Akrytova


Name of the article



The article looks into the consideration of peculiarities of developing the speech and communicative competence in lessons of literary reading (the grades 2 – 4). At present, this is an extremely relevant problem, as the purposeful work on the development of speech and communicative qualities belongs to one of the leading educational tasks of the New Ukrainian School. In addition, the level of speech and communicative competence is a testament to the personal development of a student. The conditions of its implementation are emphasised in the study, with the selection of works of art, the analysis of which can be carried out using different methodological techniques.  

Thus, when studying the folk tale “Hedgehog and Hare” in the 2nd form, considering the typological peculiarities of folklore works (each character is a human type, a personality), the focus is on text rendering (monologic speech development) and working in pairs (dialogic speech development), but the task is that children must express their attitude to the characters, which affects the formation of personal life position. It is advisable to stage certain fragments, which will encourage students to make speech improvisations, when due to the peculiarities of speaking some Hedgehog and Hare’s replicas, one must not only convey the character of the actor, but also his attitude towards him. The authors offer the creative tasks: commentary on the situation from the point of view of different characters, change in intentionality, which helps to obtain the communicative ability to navigate the emerging situation, taking into account the aspirations of others.

The work on V. Sukhomlynskyi’s story “Shame on the Nightingale” (the 3rd form) is carried out through the project method (“Man and Environment”). Its task is to develop the students’ environmental consciousness as an integral part of the civic personality traits. The project implementation technology takes a long time, during which children will be in an atmosphere of creative searching, finding and critical understanding of the necessary information, will constantly be in contact with each other and with adults, which will improve the subject-subjective relationship. The work on this project will set the third-graders to thoughtful elaboration of V. Sukhomlynskyi’s story, when the actions of the friends will be evaluated not simply from the position “You can do it or not”, but considering the ecological knowledge and awareness acquired during the implementation of the project about the environment as one of the priority features of a person who lives in modern conditions.

In the analysis of the story of Hr. Tiutiunnyk “Lasochka” (the 4th form) with a rather fabulous plot (friendly relations between the fisherman Arsen and the fox Lasunka) the authors propose to apply to gaming exercises that will enhance the students’ intellectual abilities, developing the potential to act in a precarious situation with respect to the accessory communication, confirming significant moral qualities of the personality. When analysing the images of Arsen and Lasunka, it is appropriate to use the game “Spider Web”: students make two spider webs, there is the image of Arsen in the centre of one and Lasunka in the other. They describe moral and spiritual qualities of each of the characters, and in the case of coincidence of individual traits, the reasons for this are inevitably explained. The interview game is conducted in groups: considering the illustration in the textbook, it is necessary to remember which episode it relates to, which personality traits are revealed and based on this, to “interview” each of the characters. Through this, students will develop not only their own life positions, but also the ability to communicate with others, to understand their desires and aspirations. The final stage of the work is the game “The Author’s Chair”, when students are asked to add a possible continuation of the story presented by Hr. Tiutiunnyk, either by retaining the fisherman, Lasunka and her cubs’ traits, or by making their own adjustments and additions. This will stimulate the students’ creative qualities, develop their language and speech abilities, and enhance communicative skills depending on the situation.

Key words

speech and communicative competence; personality; dialogic speech; monologic speech; working in pairs; working in groups; intention; project method; gaming exercises; ecology; ecological consciousness; moral and ethical qualities.

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The scientific issue “Professionalism of the Teacher: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects” is an educational journal that is dedicated to the problems of training specialists in various fields of study, a wide range of issues of innovative developing modern education and scientific research in this line.